Professor Penelope King

Ph.D. Arizona State University; B.Sc. Hons, Australian National University
Professor

Employment

Assoc Dean (Research) - College of Science - ANU 2021-

Prof/Snr Fellow/Fellow - Research School of Earth Sciences (RSES) - ANU 2012-

Snr Res Sci III/Res Prof - Inst. Meteoritics / Earth Planet Sci - Uni New Mexico 2007-2011

Assoc (Tenured)/Asst Prof - Dept. Earth Sciences - Uni Western Ontario (UWO) 1999-07

Honours

Fellow, American Geophysical Union (AGU) 2019

Fellow, Mineralogical Society of America (MSA) 2019

AGU Joanne Simpson Medal for Mid-Career Scientists in Earth & Space Sciences 2019

Australian Research Council Future Fellow 2014-18

Clare Burton Award for Equity & Diversity (ANU VC's Staff Excellence & Service Award) 2017

Snr Fellow, Advance HE 2017

NASA Gp Award to MSL (Mars Science Laboratory) team 2013, 2015

Adjunct Prof/Spec Grad Faculty - Guelph-Waterloo Physics Inst/Schl Environ Sci Uni. Guelph - Canada 2011-15

Science Co-Investigator for the APXS team on the MSL mission 2007

MSA Distinguished Lecturer 2005

Advisory Panels

Aust Acad Science, Space Sci Rev, Planet Sci 2020

NASA-ESA Mars Sample Return End-to-End Internat Sci Anal Gp 2010-11

USA Nat Res Coun, Space Studies Board, Decadal Survey - Mars Science 2009-10

USA NASA & NSF Panels & Canadian Space Agency Advisory Comms

Editor

Principle Editor - Rev Mineralogy & Geochemistry v84 2018

Contrib Editor - A Life in Science - Elements 2012-17

Assoc Editor - Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2012-14

Principle Editor - Mineralogical Assoc Canada Short Course v33 2004

Activities

International & national conferences - instigator/lead for >dozen conferences in research & teaching

Lead - Australasian Uni Geosci Educators' Network 2015

Councilor - MSA & Mineral Assoc Canada

Fellows comm - AGU (member), Geochem Soc-Eur Assoc Geochem (chair)

Awards comm - AGU, Geochem Soc, MSA, Mineral Assoc Canada

Panel & graduation speaker

Research interests

Our research group works in three main areas:

1. Examining the interaction of planetary materials with gases and the role of these processes in the evolution of planetary environments and surfaces. These studies are relevant to gas sequestration, reactions at and beneath volcanoes and in ore deposits, and reactions on the surface of Mars, in the early solar system, and on exoplanets.

2. Studying the effects of volatile elements, pH and oxidation/reduction on materials at high and low temperature.

3. Developing methods to improve the analysis of materials - especially novel techniques for analyzing light elements, multivalent elements and trace elements - to better constrain past environmental processes.

Groups

  • Herring, A, King, P, Saadatfar, M et al. 2021, '3D microstructure controls on mineral carbonation', Journal of CO2 Utilization, vol. 47, no. 101494.
  • Izawa, M, King, P, Vernazza, P et al. 2021, 'Salt - A critical material to consider when exploring the solar system', Icarus, vol. 359.
  • Sieber, M, Brink, F, Leys, C et al. 2020, 'Prograde and retrograde metasomatic reactions in mineralised magnesium-silicate skarn in the Cu-Au Ertsberg East Skarn System, Ertsberg, Papua Province, Indonesia', Ore Geology Reviews, vol. 125, pp. 1-14.
  • Berger, J, Gellert, R, Boyd, N et al. 2020, 'Elemental Composition and Chemical Evolution of Geologic Materials in Gale Crater, Mars: APXS Results From Bradbury Landing to the Vera Rubin Ridge', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 125, no. 12.
  • Saadatfar, M, Brink, F, Latham, S et al 2020, 'High resolution 3D mapping of grain kinematics during high temperature sequestration of SO2 from flue gas by carbonate aggregates', Scientific Reports, vol. 10.
  • Moores, J, King, P, Smith, C et al. 2019, 'The Methane Diurnal Variation and Microseepage Flux at Gale Crater, Mars as Constrained by the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter and Curiosity Observations', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 46, no. 16, pp. 9430-9438.
  • Renggli, C, Palm, A, King, P et al 2019, 'Implications of Reactions Between SO2 and Basaltic Glasses for the Mineralogy of Planetary Crusts', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 124, no. 10, pp. 2563-2582.
  • Chan, M, Hinman, N, Potter-McIntyre, S et al 2019, 'Deciphering Biosignatures in Planetary Contexts', Astrobiology, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1075-1102.
  • Nekvasil, H, DiFrancesco, N, Rogers, A et al 2019, 'Vapor-Deposited Minerals Contributed to the Martian Surface During Magmatic Degassing', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 142, no. 6, pp. 1592-1617.
  • Renggli, C, King, P, Henley, R et al 2019, 'An experimental study of SO2 reactions with silicate glasses and supercooled melts in the system anorthite–diopside–albite at high temperature', Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 174, no. 3, doi.org/10.1007/s00410-018-1538-2.
  • Dalby, K, Berger, J, Brand, H et al 2018, 'Analytical Techniques for Probing Small-Scale Layers that Preserve Information on Gas-Solid Interactions', Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 84, pp. 103-175.
  • King, P, Wheeler, V, Renggli, C et al 2018, 'Gas-Solid Reactions: Theory, Experiments and Case Studies Relevant to Earth and Planetary Processes', Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 1-56.
  • Lanzirotti, A, Dyar, M, Sutton, S et al 2018, 'Accurate predictions of microscale oxygen barometry in basaltic glasses using v K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy: A multivariate approach', American Mineralogist, vol. 103, no. 8, pp. 1282-1297.
  • Palm, A, King, P, Renggli, C et al 2018, 'Unravelling the Consequences of SO2-Basalt Reactions for Geochemical Fractionation and Mineral Formation', Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 84, pp. 257-283.
  • Mernagh, T, King, P, McMillan, P et al 2018, 'Using Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy to Analyze Gas-Solid Reactions', Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 177-228.
  • Renggli, C & King, P 2018, 'SO2 Gas Reactions with Silicate Glasses', Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 229-255.
  • King, P, Fegley, B & Seward, T 2018, 'High Temperature Gas-Solid Reactions in Earth and Planetary Processes PREFACE', Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. iv.
  • Henley, R, Brink, F, King, P et al 2017, 'High temperature gas-solid reactions in calc-silicate Cu-Au skarn formation; Ertsberg, Papua Province, Indonesia', Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 172, pp. 1-19pp.
  • Renggli, C, King, P, Henley, R et al 2017, 'Volcanic gas composition, metal dispersion and deposition during explosive volcanic eruptions on the Moon', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 206, pp. 296-311.
  • King, P, Troitzsch, U & Jones, T 2017, 'Characterization of mineral coatings associated with a Pleistocene-Holocene rock art style: The Northern Running Figures of the East Alligator River region, western Arnhem Land, Australia', Data in Brief, vol. 10, pp. 537-543pp.
  • Jones, T, Levchenko, V, King, P et al 2017, 'Radiocarbon age constraints for a Pleistocene-Holocene transition rock art style: The Northern Running Figures of the East Alligator River region, western Arnhem Land, Australia', Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 11, pp. 80-89.
  • Perrett, G, Campbell, J, Gellert, R et al 2016, 'Refinement of the Compton-Rayleigh scatter ratio method for use on the Mars Science Laboratory alpha particle X-ray spectrometer: II - Extraction of invisible element content', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research: Section B, vol. 368, pp. 129-137.
  • Berger, J, Schmidt, M, Gellert, R et al 2016, 'A global Mars dust composition refined by the Alpha-Particle X-ray Spectrometer in Gale Crater', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 67-75.
  • Norman, M & King, P 2016, 'An editorial view on publishing articles', Elements, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 148-149.
  • Glibin, V & King, P 2015, 'Prediction of the thermodynamic functions of mixing of binary oxide melts in the PbO-SiO2, Al2O3-SiO2 and CaO-Al2O3 systems by structure-based modification of the quasi-chemical model.', Calphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, vol. 49, pp. 19-34.
  • Henley, R, King, P, Wykes, J et al 2015, 'Porphyry copper deposit formation by sub-volcanic sulphur dioxide flux and chemisorption', Nature Geoscience, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 210-215.
  • King, P 2015, 'Reaching our goals effectively - A work in progress', Elements, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. -.
  • Bristow, T, Bish, D, Vaniman, D et al 2015, 'The origin and implications of clay minerals from Yellowknife Bay, Gale crater, Mars', American Mineralogist, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 824-836.
  • Newsom, H, Mangold, N, Kah, L et al. 2015, 'Gale crater and impact processes - Curiosity's first 364 Sols on Mars', Icarus, vol. 249, pp. 108-128.
  • Lane, M, Bishop, J, Dyar, M et al 2015, 'Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy and visible/near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy of Fe-sulfate minerals', American Mineralogist, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 66-82.
  • Berger, J, King, P, Green, A et al 2015, 'Effect of halite coatings on thermal infrared spectra', Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol. 120, no. 4, pp. 2162-2178.
  • King, P, Edwards, A & Abram, N 2015, 'Recognizing biases that affect women geoscientists in the workplace', Elements, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 88-89.
  • Stern, J, Sutter, B, Freissinet, C et al 2015, 'Evidence for indigenous nitrogen in sedimentary and aeolian deposits from the Curiosity rover investigations at Gale crater, Mars', PNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 112, no. 14, pp. 4245-4250.
  • Webster, C, Mahaffy, P, Atreya, S et al 2015, 'Mars methane detection and variability at Gale crater', Science, vol. 347, no. 6220, pp. 415-417.
  • Mahaffy, P, Webster, C, Stern, J et al 2015, 'The imprint of atmospheric evolution in the D/H of Hesperian clay minerals on Mars', Science, vol. 347, no. 6220, pp. 412-414.
  • King, P, Kirby, R, Loiselle, L et al 2015, 'A life in science: Suggestions for applying for a Master's or PhD degree', Elements, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 7-8.
  • Grotzinger, J, Sumner, D, Kah, L et al 2014, 'A habitable fluvio-lacustrine environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars', Science, vol. 343, no. 6169, pp. -.
  • Hassler, D, Zeitlin, C, Wimmer-Schweingruber, R et al 2014, 'Mars's surface radiation environment measured with the Mars Science Laboratory's Curiosity rover', Science, vol. 343, no. 6169.
  • Ollila, A, Newsom, H, Clark, B et al 2014, 'Trace element geochemistry ( Li, Ba, Sr, and Rb) using Curiosity's ChemCam: Early results for Gale crater from Bradbury Landing Site to Rocknest', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 255-285.
  • Farley, K, Malespin, C, Mahaffy, P et al 2014, 'In situ radiometric and exposure age dating of the Martian surface', Science, vol. 343, no. 6169.
  • Vaniman, D, Bish, D, Ming, D et al 2014, 'Mineralogy of a Mudstone at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars', Science, vol. 343, no. 6169.
  • Ming, D, Archer Jr, P, Glavin, D et al 2014, 'Volatile and organic compositions of sedimentary rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars', Science, vol. 343, no. 6169.
  • Burne, R, Moore, L, Christy, A et al 2014, 'Stevensite in the modern thrombolites of Lake Clifton, Western Australia: A missing link in microbialite mineralization?', Geology, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 575-578.
  • Campbell, J, King, P, Burkemper, L et al 2014, 'The Mars Science Laboratory APXS calibration target: Comparison of Martian measurements with the terrestrial calibration', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research: Section B, vol. 323, pp. 49-58.
  • Berger, J, King, P, Gellert, R et al 2014, 'MSL-APXS titanium observation tray measurements: laboratory experiments and results for the Rocknest Fines at the Curiosity Field Site in Gale Crater, Mars', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 1046-1060.
  • Blaney, D, Wiens, R, Maurice, S et al 2014, 'Chemistry and texture of the rocks at Rocknest, Gale Crater: Evidence for sedimentary origin and diagenetic alteration', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 119, no. 9, pp. 2109-2131.
  • King, P & Bennett, V 2014, 'Setting up or renovating a laboratory', Elements, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 170-171.
  • Bish, D, Blake, D, Vaniman, D et al 2013, 'X-ray Diffraction Results from Mars Science Laboratory: Mineralogy of Rocknest at Gale Crater', Science, vol. 341, no. 6153.
  • Webster, C, Mahaffy, P, Flesch, G et al 2013, 'Isotope Ratios of H, C, and O in CO2 and H2O of the Martian Atmosphere', Science, vol. 341, no. 6143, pp. 260-263.
  • Meslin, P, Gasnault, O, Forni, O et al 2013, 'Soil Diversity and Hydration as Observed by ChemCam at Gale Crater, Mars', Science, vol. 341, no. 6153.
  • Blake, D, Morris, R, Kocurek, G et al 2013, 'Curiosity at Gale Crater, Mars: Characterization and Analysis of the Rocknest Sand Shadow', Science, vol. 341, no. 6153.
  • Mahaffy, P, Webster, C, Atreya, S et al 2013, 'Abundance and Isotopic Composition of Gases in the Martian Atmosphere from the Curiosity Rover', Science, vol. 341, no. 6143, pp. 263-266.
  • Williams, R, Grotzinger, J, Dietrich, W et al 2013, 'Martian fluvial conglomerates at Gale crater', Science, vol. 340, no. 6136, pp. 1068-1072.
  • Webster, C, Mahaffy, P, Atreya, S et al 2013, 'Low Upper Limit to Methane Abundance on Mars', Science, vol. 342, no. 6156, pp. 355-357.
  • Leshin, L, Mahaffy, P, Webster, C et al 2013, 'Volatile, Isotope, and Organic Analysis of Martian Fines with the Mars Curiosity Rover', Science, vol. 341, no. 6153.
  • King, P 2013, 'Traveling for work - lessons from the Mars Curiosity Rover', Elements, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 156-157.
  • Schmidt, M, Campbell, J, Gellert, R et al 2014, 'Geochemical diversity in first rocks examined by the Curiosity Rover in Gale Crater: Evidence for and significance of an alkali and volatile-rich igneous source', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 64-81.
  • Stolper, E, Baker, M, Newcombe, M et al 2013, 'The petrochemistry of Jake_M: A martian mugearite', Science, vol. 341, no. 6153, pp. 1239463-1239463.
  • King, P, Sham, T, Gordon, R et al 2013, 'Microbeam X-ray analysis of Ce3+/Ce4+ in Ti-rich minerals: A case study with titanite (sphene) with implications for multivalent trace element substitution in minerals', American Mineralogist, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 110-119.
  • Lee, R, Ramsey, M & King, P 2013, 'Development of a new laboratory technique for high-temperature thermal emission spectroscopy of silicate melts', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 1968-1983.
  • McLennan, S, Anderson, R, Bell, J et al 2014, 'Elemental Geochemistry of Sedimentary Rocks at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars', Science, vol. 343, no. 6169.
  • Campbell, J, Perrett, G, Maxwell, J et al 2013, 'Refinement of the Compton-Rayleigh scatter ratio method for use on the Mars Science Laboratory alpha particle X-ray spectrometer', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research: Section B, vol. 302, pp. 24-31.
  • Yingst, R, Kah, L, Palucis, M et al 2013, 'Characteristics of pebble- and cobble-sized clasts along the Curiosity rover traverse from Bradbury Landing to Rocknest', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 118, no. 11, pp. 2361-2380.
  • King, P & Larsen, J 2013, 'A micro-reflectance IR spectroscopy method for analyzing volatile species in basaltic, andesitic, phonolitic, and rhyolitic glasses', American Mineralogist, vol. 98, no. 7, pp. 1162-1171.
  • de Moor, J, Fischer, T, King, P et al 2013, 'Volatile-rich silicate melts from Oldoinyo Lengai volcano (Tanzania): Implications for carbonatite genesis and eruptive behavior', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 361, pp. 379-390.
  • de Moor, J, Fischer, T, Sharp, Z et al 2013, 'Sulfur degassing at Erta Ale (Ethiopia) and Masaya (Nicaragua) volcanoes: Implications for degassing processes and oxygen fugacities of basaltic systems', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. G3, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 4076-4108.
  • King, P 2013, 'Changing research direction in the middle of an academic career', Elements, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 476-.
  • Vernazza, P, Delbo, M, King, P et al 2012, 'High surface porosity as the origin of emissivity features in asteroid spectra', Icarus, vol. 221, no. 2, pp. 1162-1172.
  • King, P 2012, 'How to run a workshop', Elements, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 151-152.
  • McLennan, S, Sephton, M, Allen, C et al 2012, 'Planning for Mars Returned Sample Science: Final report of the MSR End-to-End International Science Analysis Group (E2E-iSAG)', Astrobiology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 175-230.
  • Campbell, J, Perrett, G, Gellert, R et al 2012, 'Calibration of the Mars Science Laboratory Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer', Space Science Reviews, vol. 170, no. 1-4, pp. 319-340.
  • King, P & Fulton, C 2012, 'Writing your first proposal', Elements, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 314-315.
  • Hyde, B, King, P, Dyar, M et al 2011, 'Methods to analyze metastable and microparticulate hydrated and hydrous iron sulfate minerals', American Mineralogist, vol. 96, no. 11-12, pp. 1856-1869.
  • Vernazza, P, Lamy, P, Groussin, O et al 2011, 'Asteroid (21) Lutetia as a remnant of Earth's precursor planetesimals', Icarus, vol. 216, no. 2, pp. 650-659.
  • King, P 2011, 'Trying to write, instead of "trying not to write"', Elements, vol. 7, no. 6, p. 370.
  • Shearer, C, Burger, P, Neal, C et al 2010, 'Non-basaltic asteroidal magmatism during the earliest stages of solar system evolution: A view from Antarctic achondrites Graves Nunatak 06128 and 06129', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 1172-1199.
  • Foster, I, King, P, Hyde, B et al 2010, 'Characterization of halophiles in natural MgSO4 salts and laboratory enrichment samples: Astrobiological implications for Mars', Planetary and Space Science, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 599-615.
  • King, P & McLennan, S 2010, 'Sulfur on Mars', Elements, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 107-112.
  • Izawa, M, Flemming, R, King, P et al 2010, 'Mineralogical and spectroscopic investigation of the Tagish Lake carbonaceous chondrite by X-ray diffraction and infrared reflectance spectroscopy', Meteoritics and Planetary Science, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 675-698.
  • Lee, R, King, P & Ramsey, M 2010, 'Spectral analysis of synthetic quartzofeldspathic glasses using laboratory thermal infrared spectroscopy', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 115, no. 6.
  • Russell, S, Longstaffe, F, King, P et al 2010, 'The oxygen-isotope composition of chondrules and isolated forsterite and olivine grains from the Tagish Lake carbonaceous chondrite', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 74, no. 8, pp. 2484-2499.
  • Izawa, M, King, P, Flemming, R et al 2010, 'Mineralogical and spectroscopic investigation of enstatite chondrites by X-ray diffraction and infrared reflectance spectroscopy', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 115, no. 7, pp. E07008(1-18).
  • Dufresne, C, King, P, Dyar, M et al 2009, 'Effect of SiO2, total FeO, Fe3+/Fe2+ and alkali elements in basaltic glasses on mid-infrared spectra', American Mineralogist, vol. 94, no. 11-12, pp. 1580-1590.
  • Lane, M, Bishop, J, Dyar, M et al 2008, 'Mineralogy of the Paso Robles soils on Mars', American Mineralogist, vol. 93, no. 5-6, pp. 728-739.
  • Wagner, C, Deloule, E, Fialin, M et al 2008, 'Dehydrogenation of kaersutitic amphibole under electron beam excitation recorded by changes in Fe3+/?Fe: An EMP and SIMS study', American Mineralogist, vol. 93, no. 8-9, pp. 1273-1281.
  • Mongrain, J, Larsen, J & King, P 2008, 'Rapid water exsolution, degassing, and bubble collapse observed experimentally in K-phonolite melts', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol. 173, no. 3-4, pp. 178-184.
  • Klimm, K, Holtz, F & King, P 2008, 'Fractionation vs. magma mixing in the Wangrah Suite A-type granites, Lachlan Fold Belt, Australia: Experimental constraints', Lithos, vol. 102, no. 3-4, pp. 415-434.

Current teaching

I teach Planetary Science EMSC3022/EMSC6022 which is open to students who have completed a semester of first year.  This course aims to explore the planets, dwarf planets, moons and other solid objects in our solar system and beyond to exoplanets.  We examine processes that are important in Planetary Sciences and unify our studies of planets and help us explore for life beyond Earth.

I teach the low temperature part of Geochemistry EMSC2024.  We cover the chemical drivers for why rain is a weak acid, how soil and caves form, why groundwater might be salty, how the ocean got its composition and how geochemical cycles work.

I also teach part of a Masters student course twice a year: Research Orientation: Big Questions in the Earth Sciences EMSC8034 as well as Special Topics and I supervise Summer Research Scholars with recent projects including “Carbon capture and weathering of basalts”, “Reaction of marble with SO2”, “Formation of mineral crusts on aboriginal rock art” and “Alteration of meteorites”. 

Other teaching

I have taught and convened the following courses:

  • Igneous & Metamorphic Petrology (Introductory and Advanced courses)
  • Field Schools – Maritimes of Canada, Utah, Arizona, California
  • Blue Planet: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science
  • Teaching and Research Methods in Earth & Planetary Sciences
  • Introductory Geology (First Year)
  • Environmental Geochemistry
  • Mars: From its Interior to its Moons
  • Short course in economic geology, spectroscopy, analytical techniques and gas-solid reactions

 

Students

I am the primary PhD supervisor for Rachel Kirby and Riley Baile (links below).

I co-supervise Sarah McIntyre (RSAA PhD student) and Emily Robson is currently doing a Special Topics Project with me.

If you are interested in organising a project, please contact me.

Supervised students