Professor Rainer Grün

Emeritus Professor

Research interests

  • Development of dating methods, in particular, ESR and U-series dating
  • Application of dating to key questions in Quaternary research
    • human evolution
    • landscape dynamics
    • global sea level change

Isotopic tracing of human migrations (Malte Willmes et al.)

We have completed a map for bioavailabe Sr isotopes in France. This baseline map will now allow us to trace the origins of fossil humans and animals from the rich archaeological records of France.



In Press

  • Aubert, M., Pike, A.W.G., Stringer, C., Bartsiokas, A., Kinsley, L., Eggins, S., Day, M., Grün, R. (in press). Confirmation of a late middle Pleistocene age for the Omo Kibish 1 cranium by direct uranium-series dating. Journal of Human Evolution.

  • Aubert, M., Williams, I.S., Boljkovac, K., Moffat, I., Moncel, M.H., Dufour, E., Grün, R. (in press). In situ oxygen isotope micro-analysis of faunal material and human teeth using a SHRIMP II: a new tool for palaeo-ecology and archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science.
  • Brink, J.S.,Herries, A.I.R., Moggi-Cecchi, J., Gowlett, J.A.J., Bousman, B., Hancox, J.P., Grün, R., Eisenmann, V.,Adams, J.W., Rossouw, L., (in press). First hominine remains from a 1.0 million year old bone bed at Cornelia-Uitzoek, Free State Province, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution.


  • Duval, M., Falguères, C., Bahain, J.-J., Grün, R., Shao, Q., Aubert, M., Dolo, J.-M., Agusti, J., Martínez-Navarro, B., Palmqvist, P., Toro-Moyano, I. (2012). On the limits of using combined U-series/ESR method to date fossil teeth from two Early Pleistocene archaeological sites of the Orce area(Guadix-Baza basin, Spain). Quaternary Research 77: 482-491.

  • Grün, R., Athreya, S., Raj, R., Patnaik, R. (2012) ESR response in tooth enamel to high resolution CT scanning. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 4: 25-28.

  • Sambridge, M., Grün, R., Eggins, S., (2012). U-series dating of bone in an open system: The diffusion-adsorption-decay model.Quaternary Geochronology 9: 42-53.


  • Carey, S.P., Camens, A.B., Cupper, M.L., Grün, R., Hellstrom, J.C., McKnight, S.W., Mclennan, I., Pickering, D.A., Trusler, P.,  Aubert, M., (2011). A diverse Pleistocene marsupial trackway from the Victorian volcanic plains, Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews30, 591-610.

  • Duval, M., Aubert, M., Hellstrom, J., Grün, R. (2011) High resolution, LA-ICP-MS mapping of U and Th isotopes in an Early Pleistocene equid tooth from Fuente Nueva-3 (Orce, Andalusia, Spain). Quaternary Geochronology 6, 458-467.

  • Duval, M., Falguères, C., Bahain, J.-J., Grün, R., Shao, Q., Aubert, M., Hellstrom, J., Dolo, J.-M., Agusti, J., Martínez-Navarro, B., Palmqvist, P., Toro-Moyano, I. (2011). The challenge of dating Early Pleistocene fossil teeth by the combined US-ESR method: the case of Venta Micena palaeontological site (Orce, Spain). Journal of Quaternary Science 26, 603-615.

  • Grün, R., Eggins, S., Kinsley, L., Prat, S., Hinguant, S., Colleter, R. (2011). Least destructive rapid scanning of human teeth to test their suitability for U-series analysis. PaleoAnthropology 2011, 390-397.

  • Grün, R., Spooner, N., Magee, J., Thorne, A, Simpson, J, Yan, G., Mortimer, G. (2011). Stratigraphy and chronology of the WLH 50 human remains, Lake Mungo, Australia. Journal of Human Evolution 60, 597-604.

  • Harvati, K., Stringer, C., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Allsworth-Jones, P., Folorunso, A. (2011). The Later Stone Age calvaria from Iwo Eleru, Nigeria: morphology and chronology. PLoS ONE 6, e24024, pp 1-8.

  • Indriati, E., Swisher III, C.C.,  Lepre, C., Quinn, R.L., Suriyanto, R.A., Hascaryo, A.T., Grün, R., Feibel, C.S., Pobiner, B.L., Aubert, M., Lees, W.,  Antón, S.C. (2011). The age of the 20 meter Solo River Terrace, Java, Indonesia and the survival of Homo erectus in Asia.PLoS ONE 6, e21562, pp. 1-10.

  • Joannes‑Boyau, R., Grün, R. (2011). A comprehensive model for CO2- radicals in fossil tooth enamel: implications for ESR dating.Quaternary Geochronology 6, 82-97.

  • Joannes‑Boyau, R., Grün, R. (2011). Decomposition of beta-ray induced ESR spectra of fossil tooth enamel. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 80, 335-342.

  • Liu, C.R., Grün, R., (2011). Fluvio-mechanical resetting of the Al and Ti centres in quartz. Radiation Measurements 46, 1038-1042.

  • Nejman, L., Rhodes, E., Škrdla, P., Tostevin, G., Neruda, P., Nerudová, Z., Valoch, K., Oliva, M., Kaminská, L., Svoboda, J.A., Grün, R., (2011). New chronological evidence for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Transition in the Czech Republic and Slovakia: new optically stimulated luminescence dating results. Archaeometry 53, 1044-1066.

  • Raynal, J.-P., Sbihialaoui, F.-Z., Mohib, A., El Graoui, M., Lefèvre, D., Texier, J.-P. Geraads, D., Hublin, J.-J., Smith, T., Tafforeau, P., Zouak, M., Grün, R., Rhodes, E.J., Eggins, S., Daujeard, C., Fernandes, P., Gallotti, R., Hossini, S., Schwarcz, H.P., Queffelec, A. (2011). Contextes et âge des nouveaux restes dentaires humains du Pléistocène moyen de la carrière Thomas I à Casablanca (Maroc).Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française 108, 645-669.


  • Cosgrove, R., Field, J., Garvey, J., Brenner‑Coltrain, J., Goede, A., Charles, B., Wroe, S., Pike‑Tay, A., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Lees, W., O'Connell, J. (2010) Overdone overkill – The archaeological perspective on Tasmanian megafaunal extinctions. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 2486‑2503.

  • De Torres, T., Ortiz, J.E., Grün, R., Eggins, S., Valladas, H., Mercier, N., Tisnérat‑Laborde, N., Juliá, R., Soler, V., Martínez, E., Sánchez‑Moral, S., Cañaveras, J.C., Lario, J., Badal, E., Lalueza‑Fox, C., Rosas, A., Santamaría, D., De La Rasilla, M., Fortea, J. (2010). Dating of the hominid (Homo neanderthalensis) remains accumulation from El Sidrón cave (Piloña, Asturias, North Spain): an example of a multi‑methodological approach to the dating of Upper Pleistocene sites. Archaeometry 52,  680–705.

  • Grün, R., Aubert, M., Hellstrom J., Duval, M. (2010). The challenge of direct dating old human fossils. Quaternary International 223-224, 87-93.

  • Grün, R., Eggins, S., Aubert, M., Spooner, N., Pike, A.W.G., Müller, W. (2010). ESR and U-series analysis of faunal material from Cuddie Springs, NSW, Australia: implications for the timing of the extinction of the Australian Megafauna. Quaternary Science Reviews29, 596-610.

  • Joannes‑Boyau, R., Bodin, T., Grün, R. (2010). Decomposition of the laboratory gamma irradiation component of angular ESR spectra of fossil tooth enamel fragments. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 68: 1798-1808.

  • Joannes‑Boyau, R., Bodin, T., Grün, R. (2010). Decomposition of the angular ESR spectra of fossil tooth enamel fragments. Radiation Measurements 45, 887-898.

  • Joannes‑Boyau, R., Grün, R. (2010). Decomposition of UV induced ESR spectra in enamel fragments of a modern and a fossil tooth.Ancient TL 28, 23-34.

  • Mijares, A.S., Détroit, F., Piper, P., Bellwood, P., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Cuevas, N., De Leon, A., Dizon, E., (2010). New evidence for a 67,000 year old human presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines. Journal of human Evolution 59, 123-132.

  • Porat, N., Chazan, M., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Eisenmann, V., Horwitz, L.K. (2010). New radiometric ages for the Fauresmith industry of Southern Africa: Implications for the Earlier to Middle Stone Age Transition. Journal of Archaeological Sciences 37, 269–283.

  • Raynal, J.P., Sbihi‑Alaoui, F.Z., Mohib, A., El Graoui, M., Lefèvre, D., Texier, J.P., Geraads, D., Hublin, J.J., Smith, T., Tafforeau, P., Zouak, M., Grün, R., Rhodes, E.J., Eggins, S., Daujeard, C., Fernandes, P., Gallotti, R., Hossini, S., Queffelec. A. (2010). Hominid Cave at Thomas Quarry I (Casablanca, Morocco): recent findings and their context. Quaternary International 223-224, 369-382.

  • Roberts, A.P., Grün, R. (2010). Early human northerners. Nature 466, 189-190.

  • Villa, P., Sánchez Goñi, M.F., Cuenca Bescós, G., Grün, R., Ajas, A., García Pimienta, J.C., Lees, W. (2010). The archaeology and paleoenvironment of an Upper Pleistocene hyena den: an integrated approach. Journal of Archaeological Sciences 37, 919-935.


  • Duval, M., Grün, R., Falgueres, C., Bahain, J.J., Dolo, J.M. (2009). ESR dating of Lower Pleistocene fossil teeth: limits of the single saturating exponential (SSE) model for the equivalent dose determination. Radiation Measurements 44: 477-482.

  • Grün, R. (2009). The DATA program for the calculation of ESR age estimates on tooth enamel. Quaternary Geochronology 4: 231-232.

  • Grün, R. (2009). The relevance of parametric U-uptake models in ESR age calculations. Radiation Measurements 44: 472-476.

  • Grün, R. (2009). The “AGE” program for the calculation of luminescence age estimates. Ancient TL 27: 45-46.

  • Joannes-Boyau, R., Grün, R. (2009). Thermal behaviour of orientated and non‑orientated CO2- radicals in tooth enamel. Radiation Measurements 44: 505-511.


  • Ayliffe, L.K., Prideaux, G.J., Bird, M.I., Grün, R., Roberts, R.G., Gully, G.A., Jones, R., Fifield, L.K., Cresswell, R.G. (2008) Age constraints on Pleistocene megafauna at Tight Entrance Cave in southwestern Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 1784-1788.

  • Barker, G., Basell, L., Brooks, I.,  Burn, L., Cartwright, C., Cole, F., Davison, J., Farr, L., Grün, R., Hamilton, R., Hunt, C., Inglis, R., Jacobs, Z., Leitch, V., Morales, J., Iain Morley, I., Morley, M., Pawley, S., Alex Pryor, A., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., el‑Rishi, H., Roberts, R., David Simpson, D., Stimpson, C., Touati, M., van der Veen, M. (2008). The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2008: the second season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the initial (2007) fieldwork. Libyan Studies 39, 175-221.

  •  Fraser, R., Grün, R., Privat, K., Gagan, M.K. (2008). Stable‑isotope microprofiling of wombat tooth enamel records seasonal changes in vegetation and environmental conditions in eastern Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoecology 269, 66-77

  • Grün, R., Aubert, M., Joannes-Boyau, R., Moncel, M.H. (2008) High resolution analysis of uranium and thorium concentrations as well as U-series isotope distributions in a Neanderthal tooth from Payre using laser ablation ICP-MS. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 72: 5278-5290.

  • Grün, R., Joannes-Boyau, R., Stringer, C. (2008) Two types of CO2- radicals threaten the fundamentals of ESR dating of tooth enamel.Quaternary Geochronology 3: 150-172.

  • Grün, R., Wells, R.T., Eggins, S., Spooner, N., Aubert, M., Brown, L., Rhodes, E. (2008) Electron spin resonance dating of South Australian megafauna sites. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 55: 917-935.

  • Jacobs, Z., Roberts, R.G., Galbraith, R.F., Deacon, H.J., Grün, R., Mackay, A., Mitchell, P., Vogelsang, R., Wadley, L. (2008) Ages for Middle Stone Age innovations in southern Africa: implications for modern human behavior and dispersal. Science 322, 733-735.

  • Yokoyama, Y., Falguères, C., Sémah, F., Jacob, T., Grün, R. (2008) Gamma‑ray spectrometric dating of late Homo erectus skulls from Ngandong and Sambungmacan, Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Human Evolution 55: 275-277.


  • Grün, R. (2007) Electron Spin Resonance Dating. In: Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, 1505-1516. Elsevier, Oxford.
  • Pickering, R., Hancox, P.J., Lee-Thorp, J.A., Grün, R., Mortimer, G.E., McCulloch, M., Berger, L.R. (2007) Stratigraphy, U-Th chronology, and paleoenvironments at Gladysvale Cave: insights into the climatic control of South African hominin-bearing cave deposits. Journal of Human Evolution 53: 602-619,
  • Smith, T.M., Tafforeau, P., Reid, D.J., Grün, R., Eggins, S., Boutakiout, M., Hublin, J.J. (2007). Earliest evidence of modern human life history in North African early Homo sapiens. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 104: 6128-6133.
  • Torres, T., Ortiz, J.E., Cobo, R., de Hoz, P., García-Redondo, A., Grün, R. (2007). Hominid exploitation of the environment and cave bear populations. The case of Ursus spelaeus
  • Rosenmüller-Heinroth in Amutxate Cave (Aralar, Navarra-Spain). Journal of human Evolution 52: 1-15.


  • Bernal, J.P., Eggins, S.M., McCulloch, M.T., Grün, R., Eggleton, R.A. (2006). Dating of chemical weathering processes by in situ measurement of U-series disequilibria in supergene Fe-oxy/hydroxides using LA-MC-ICPMS. Chemical Geology 235: 76-94.
  • Grün, R. (2006). A simple method for the rapid assessment of the qualitative ESR response of fossil samples to laboratory irradiation. Radiation Measurements 41: 682-689.
  • Grün, R. (2006). Direct dating of human remains. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 49: 2-48.
  • Grün, R., Eggins, S., Wells, R.T., Rhodes, E., Bestland, E., Spooner, N., Ayling, M., Forbes, M., McCulloch, M. (2006). A cautionary tale from down under: Dating of the Black CreekSwamp megafauna site on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Quaternary Geochronology 1: 142-150.
  • Grün, R., Maroto, J., Eggins, S., Stringer, C., Robertson, S., Taylor, L., Mortimer, G., McCulloch, M. (2006). ESR and U-series analyses of enamel and dentine fragments of the Banyoles mandible. Journal of human Evolution 50: 347-358.
  • Wells, R.T., Grün, R., Sullivan, J., Forbes, M., Dalgairns, S., Bestland, E., Spooner, N., Walshe. K., Rhodes, E., Eggins, S. (2006). Late Pleistocene megafauna site at Black Creek Swamp, Flinders Chase National Park, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Alcheringa Special Issue 1, 367-387.


  • Coppa, A., Grün, R., Stringer, C., Eggins, S., and Vargiu, R. (2005). Newly recognized pleistocene human teeth from Tabun Cave, Israel. Journal of Human Evolution 49 (3): 301-315.
  • Eggins, S. M., Grün, R., McCulloch, M. T., Pike, A. W. G., Chappell, J., Kinsley, L., Mortimer, G., Shelley, M., Murray-Wallace, C. V., Spotl, C., and Taylor, L. (2005). In situ U-series dating by laser-ablation multi-collector ICPMS: new prospects for Quaternary geochronology. Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (23-24): 2523-2538.
  • Grün, R., Stringer, C., McDermott, F., Nathan, R., Porat, N., Robertson, S., Taylor, L., Mortimer, G., Eggins, S., and McCulloch, M. (2005). U-series and ESR analyses of bones and teeth relating to the human burials from Skhul. Journal of Human Evolution 49 (3): 316-334.
  • Pike, A. W. G., Eggins, S., Grün, R., Hedges, R. E. M., and Jacobi, R. M. (2005). U-series dating of the Late Pleistocene mammalian fauna from Wood Quarry (Steetley), Nottinghamshire, UK. Journal of Quaternary Science 20 (1): 59-65.


  • Nathan, R. and Grün, R.(2004). Gamma dosing and shielding of a human tooth by a mandible and skull cap: Monte Carlo simulations and implications for the accuracy of ESR dating of tooth enamel. Anchient TL 21 : 79-84.
  • Pike, A. W. G., Eggins, S., Grün, R., and Thackeray, F., (2004). U-series dating of TP1, an almost complete human skeleton from Tuinplaas (Springbok Flats), South Africa. South African Journal of Science 100 (7-8): 381-383.


  • Eggins, S., Grün, R. , Pike, A., Shelley, A. and Taylor, L. (2003) 238 U, 232 Th profiling and U-series isotope analysis of fossil teeth by laser ablation ICPMS. Quaternary Science Reviews 22: 1373-1382.
  • Grün, R ., Beaumont, P., Tobias, P.V. and Eggins, S. (2003) On the age of Border Cave 5 human mandible. Journal of Human Evlolution 45: 155-167.
  • Jacobi, R. and Grün, R. ESR dates from Robin Hood Cave, Crewell Crags, Derbyshire, UK, and the age of its Neanderthal occupation.Quaternary Science Newsletter 100 : 1-12.
  • Lomax, J., Hilgers, A., Wopfner, H., Grün, R ., and Radtke, U. (2003) The onset of dune formation in the Strzelecki Desert, South Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 22 : 1067-1076.


  • Grün, R. (2002) ESR dose estimation on fossil tooth enamel by fitting the natural spectrum into the irradiated spectrum. Radiation Measurements 35 : 87-93.
  • Grün, R., and Ward, K. (2002) A long-term fading study for ESR intensity measurement and dose evaluation on fossil tooth enamel.Radiation Measurements 35 : 269-274.


  • Curnoe, D., Grün, R. and Thackeray, F. (2001) Direct ESR dating of a Pliocene hominid from Swartkrans. Journal of Human Evolution40 : 379-391.
  • Grün, R. (2001) Trapped Charge Dating (ESR, TL, OSL). In: M. Pollard and D. Brothwell (eds) Introduction to Archaeological Sciences : 47-62,Wiley, London.
  • Grün, R. and Beaumont, P. (2001) Border Cave revisited: A revised ESR chronology. Journal of Human Evolution 40 : 467-482.
  • Grün, R., Moriarty, K. and Wells, R. (2001) ESR dating of the fossil deposits in the Naracoorte Caves, South Australia. Journal of Quaternary Science 16 : 49-59.
  • Grün, R., Robertson, S. and Gordon, M. (2001) Dose evaluation on a fossil tooth using an enamel fragment as well as multiple and single powder aliquots. Ancient TL 19 : 5-11.
  • Turney, C.S.M., Bird, M.I., Fifield, L.K., Roberts, R.G., Smith, M.A., Dortch, C.E., Grün, R., Lawson, E., Miller, G.H., Dortch, J., Cresswell, R.G., and Ayliffe, L.K. (2001) Breaking the radiocarbon barrier and early human occupation at Devil's Lair, southwestern Australia. Quaternary Research 55 : 3-13.


  • Grün, R. (2000) An alternative for model for open system U-series/ESR age calculations: (closed system U-series)-ESR, CSUS-ESR.Ancient TL 18 : 1-4.
  • Grün, R. (2000) Methods of dose determination using ESR spectra of tooth enamel. Radiation Measurements 32 : 767-772.
  • Grün, R. (2000) Electron spin resonance dating. In: L. Ellis (ed), Archaeological Method and Theory: An Encyclopedia : 174-178, Garland, New York.
  • Grün, R. (2000) Uranium series dating. In: L. Ellis (ed), Archaeological Method and Theory: An Encyclopedia : 645-651, Garland, New York.
  • Grün, R. (2000) Electron Spin Resonance Dating. In: E. Ciliberto and G. Spoto (eds) Modern Analytical Methods in Art and Archaeology. Chemical Analyses Series 155 : 641-679, Wiley, New York.
  • Grün, R. (2000) Dating beyond the radiocarbon barrier using U-series isotopes and trapped charges. In: D.C. Creagh and D.A. Bradley (eds), Radiation in Art and Archeometry : 472-493, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Grün, R. and Schwarcz, H.P. (2000) Revised U-series/ESR model ages for teeth from the Hoxnian type locality. Quaternary Science Reviews 19 : 1151-1154.
  • Grün, R., Spooner, N.A., Thorne, A., Mortimer, G., Simpson, J.J., McCulloch, M.T., Taylor, L. and Curnoe, D. (2000) Age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton, reply to Bowler & Magee and to Gillespie & Roberts. Journal of Human Evolution 38 : 733-741.
  • Grün, R. and Stringer, C.B. (2000) ESR and U-series analyses of dental material from Tabun C1. Journal of Human Evolution 39 : 601-612.
  • Rhodes, E.J., Stringer, C.B., Grün, R., Barton, R.N.E., Currant, A. and Finlayson, J.C. (2000) Preliminary ESR dates from Ibex Cave, Gibraltar. In: J.C. Finlayson, G. Finlayson and D.A. Fa (eds) Gibraltar during the Quaternary : 109-112, Gibraltar Government Heritage Publications.
  • Robertson, S. and Grün, R. (2000) Dose determination on tooth enamel fragments from two human fossils. Radiation Measurements32 : 773-779.
  • Vanhaelewyn, G., Callens, F. and Grün, R. (2000) EPR spectrum deconvolution and dose assessment of fossil tooth enamel using maximum likelihood common factor analysis. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 52 : 1317-1326.


  • Grün, R. (1999) Electron spin resonance: coupled ESR-U series dating. In: M.B. Roberts and S.A. Parfitt (eds) Boxgrove: A Middle Pleistocene hominid site at Earham Quarry, Boxgrove, West Sussex : 294-295, English Heritage, London.
  • Grün, R., Finley, S. and McCulloch, M.T. (1999) ESR analysis of fluorescence bands in corals. Ancient TL 17 : 55-58.
  • Curnoe, D., Grün, R. and Thackeray, F. Direct ESR dating of a Pliocene hominid from Swartkrans. Journal of Human Evolution, in press.
  • Grün, R. Electron spin resonance dating . In: L. Ellis (ed), Archaeological Method and Theory: An Encyclopedia : pp. 172-176, Garland, New York, in press.
  • Grün, R. Electron Spin Resonance Dating . In: E. Ciliberto & G. Spoto (eds) Modern Analytical Methods in Art and Archaeology . Wiley, New York, in press.
  • Grün, R. Uranium series dating . In: L. Ellis (ed), Archaeological Method and Theory: An Encyclopedia : pp. 645-651, Garland, New York, in press.
  • Grün, R. Trapped ChargeDating (ESR, TL, OSL) . In: M. Pollard & D. Brothwell (eds) Introduction to Archaeological Sciences. Wiley, London, submitted.
  • Grün, R. and Stringer, C.B. ESR dating of mammalian fauna from Westbury-sub-Mendip . In: Andrews, P, Cook, J., Currant, A. & Stringer, C. (eds) Westbury Cave The Natural History Museum Excavations 1976-1984. pp. 303-304, Western Academic and Specialist Press: Bristol.
  • Grün, R., Yan, G., McCulloch, M. & Mortimer, G. Detailed mass spectrometric U-series analyses of two teeth from the archaeological site of Pech de l'Aze II: implications for uranium migration and dating . Journal of Archaeological Science 26 : 1301-1310.
  • Grün, R., Tani, A., Gurbanov, A., Koshchug, D., Williams, I. and Braun, J. A new method for the estimation of cooling and denudation rates using paramagnetic centres in quartz: A case study on the Eldzhurtinskiy Granite, Caucasus . Journal of Geophysical Research.104 B8 : 17531-17549.
  • Thorne, A., Grün, R., Mortimer, G., Spooner, N.A., Simpson, J.J., McCulloch, M.T., Taylor, L. and Curnoe, D. Australia's oldest human remains: age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton . Journal of Human Evolution 36 : 591-612.
  • Vanhaelewyn, G., Callens, F. and Grün, R. EPR spectrum deconvolution and dose assessment of fossil tooth enamel using maximum likelihood common factor analysis . Applied Radiation and Isotopes.


  • Grün, R. Reproducibility measurements for ESR signal intensity and dose determination: high precision but doubtful accuracy . Radiation Measurements 29 : 177-193.
  • Grün, R. Comments on Beta doses in tooth enamel by "One Group" theory and the ROSY ESR dating software. Radiation Measurements29 : 579.
  • Grün, R. Dose determination on fossil tooth enamel using spectrum deconvolution with Gaussian and Lorentzian peak shapes . Ancient TL 16 : 51-55.
  • Grün, R., Huang, P.H., Huang, W., McDermott, F., Stringer, C.B., Thorne, A. and Yan, G. ESR and U-series analyses of teeth from the palaeoanthropological site of Hexian, Anhui Province, China . Journal of Human Evolution 34 : 555-564. [ Abstract ]
  • Huang, P. & Grün, R. Study on burying ages of fossil teeth from Yuanmou Man site, Yunnan Province, China. Acta Anthroplogia Sinica17 : 165-170.
  • Huet, S.v., Grün, R., Murray-Wallace, C.V., Redvers-Newton, N. and White, J.P. Age of the Lancefield megafauna: a reappraisal . Australian Archaeology 46 : 5-11.
  • Jacobi, R.M., Rowe, P.J., Gilmour, M.A., Grün, R. and Atkinson, T.C. Radiometric Dating of the Middle Palaeolithic tool industry and associated fauna of Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, U.K. . Journal of Quaternary Science 13 : 29-42.
  • Radtke, U., Grün, R. & Mangini, A. The Pleistocene coral reefs of Kikai-Jima (Ryukyu Islands, Japan) and their significance for palaeo sea-level reconstructions. Ocean Research 19 : 245-255.
  • Simpson, J.J. and Grün, R. Non-destructive gamma spectrometric U-series dating. Quaternary Science Reviews 18: 1009-1022.


  • Abeyratne, M., Spooner, N., Grün, R. and Head, J. Multidating studies of Batadomba Cave, Sri Lanka . Quaternary Science Reviews 16 : 243-255.
  • Chen, Y., Feng, J., Gao, J., Taylor, L. and Grün, R. Observations on the micro-texture and ESR spectra of quartz from fault gouge . QuaternaryScience Reviews 16 : 437-493.
  • Chen, Y., Gao, J., Feng, J., and Grün, R. Investigation of the potential use of ESR signals in quartz for palaeothermometry . Quaternary Science Reviews 16 : 495-499.
  • Grün, R. Electron spin resonance dating . In: R.E. Taylor & M.J. Aitken (eds) Chronometric and Allied Dating in Archaeology : 217-261, Plenum, New York.
  • Grün, R., Abeyratne, M., Head, J., Tuniz, C. and Hedges, R.E.M. AMS 14 C analysis of teeth from archaeological sites showing anomalous ESR dating results . Quaternary Science Reviews 16 : 437-444.
  • Grün, R., Huang, P.H., Wu, X., Stringer, C.B. & Thorne, A. ESR analysis of teeth from the palaeoanthropological site of Zhoukoudian, China . Journal of Human Evolution 32 : 83-91.
  • Grün, R., Kohno, H., Tani, A., Yamanaka, C., Ikeya, M. and Huang, H.P. Pulsed ESR measurements on fossil teeth . Radiation Measurements 27 : 425-431.
  • Grün. R. and Thorne, A. Dating the Ngandong Humans . Science 276 : 1575 .
  • Jonas, M. and Grün, R. Q-band ESR studies of fossil tooth enamel: implications for spectrum deconvolution and dating. Radiation Measurements 27 : 49-58.
  • Oka, T., Grün, R., Tani, A., Yamanaka, C., Ikeya, M. and Huang, H.P. ESR microscopy of fossil teeth . Radiation Measurements 27 : 331-337.


  • Ciochon, R., Vu, T.L., Larick, R., Gonzales, L., Grün, R., de Vos, J., Yonge, C., Taylor, L., Yoshida, H. & Reagan, M. Dated co-occurrence of Homo erectus and Gigantopithecus from Tham Khuyen Cave, Vietnam. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 93 : 3016-3020.
  • Grün, R. Errors in the dose assessment introduced by the use of the "linear part" of a saturating dose response curve. Radiation Measurements 26 : 297-302.
  • Grün, R. A Re-analysis of ESR dating results associated with the Petralona hominid . Journal of Human Evolution 30 : 227-241.
  • Grün, R., Brink, J.S., Spooner, N.A., Taylor, L., Stringer, C.B., Franciscus, R.G. & Murray, A.S. Direct Dating of Florisbad Hominid . Nature 382 : 500-501.
  • Grün, R. and Clapp, R. An automated sample changer for Bruker ESR spectrometers . Ancient TL 14 : 1-5.
  • Grün, R. & Jonas, M. Plateau tests and spectrum de-convolution for ESR dose determination . Radiation Measurements 26 : 621-629.
  • Grün, R. & Taylor, L. Uranium and thorium in the constituents of fossil teeth. Ancient TL 14 : 21-25.
  • McDermott, F., Stringer, C., Grün, R., Williams, C.T., Din, V.K. and Hawkesworth, C.J. New Late-Pleistocene Uranium-Thorium and ESR dates for the Singa hominid (Sudan). Journal of Human Evolution 31 : 507-516.
  • Radtke, U., Grün, R., Omura, A. & Mangini, A. The Quaternary coral reef tracts of Hateruma (Ryukyu Islands, Japan) . Quaternary International 31 : 61-70.


  • Aldhouse-Green, S., Scott, K., Schwarcz, H.P., Grün, R., Housley, R., Rae, A., Bevins, R. & Redknap, M. Coygan Cave, Laugharne, South Wales, a Mousterian site and Hyena Den: a report on the University of Cambridge excavations . Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 61 : 37-79.
  • Grün, R. Semi non-destructive, single aliquot ESR dating . Ancient TL 13 : 3-7.
  • Radtke, U., Grün, R, Omura, A. & Mangini, A. Untersuchungen zum marinen Quartär von Hateruma (Riukiu-Inseln, Japan).Regensburger Geographische Schriften 25 : 125-142.


  • Grün, R. The kinetics of TL peaks and its effect on the dose versus temperature plot . Radiation Measurements 23 : 175-194.
  • Grün, R. Estimation de l'âge de Mauran par résonance paramagnétique électronique . In: C. Farizy, F. David & J. Jaubert (eds) Hommes et bisons du paleolithique moyen a Mauran (Haute-Garonne) : 65-67, CNRS, Paris.
  • Grün, R. A Cautionary Note: Use of 'water content' and 'depth for cosmic dose rate' in the AGE and DATA programs. Ancient TL 12 : 50-51.
  • Grün, R. & Brumby, S. The assessment of errors in the past radiation doses extrapolated from ESR/TL dose response data . Radiation Measurements 23 : 307-315.
  • Grün, R. & Katzenberger-Apel, O. An alpha irradiator for ESR dating . Ancient TL 12 : 35-38.
  • Grün, R. & McDermott, F. Open system modelling for U-series and ESR dating of teeth . Quaternary Science Reviews 13 : 121-125.
  • Grün, R. & Packman, S.C. Observations on the kinetics involved in the TL glow curves in quartz, K-feldspar and Na-feldspar mineral separates of sediments and their significance for dating studies . Radiation Measurements 23 : 317-322.
  • Rink, W.J., Rhodes, E.J. & Grün, R. Thermoluminescence from igneous and natural hydrothermal vein quartz: dose response after optical bleaching . Radiation Measurements 23 : 159-173.
  • Rink, W.J., Schwarcz, H.P., Grün, R., Yalçinkaya, I., Taskiran, H., Otte, M., Valladas, H., Mercier, N., Bar-Yosef, and O., Kozlowski, J.ESR dating of the last interglacial Mousterian at Karaïn Cave, Southern Turkey . Journal of Archaeological Science 21 : 839-849.
  • Robertson, S. & Grün, R. Towards portable radiocarbon dating . Quaternary Science Reviews 13 : 179-181.
  • Schwarcz, H.P., Grün, R. & Tobias, P.V. ESR dating studies of the australopithecine site of Sterkfontein, South Africa . Journal of Human Evolution 26 : 175-181.
  • Wendorf, F., Schild, R., Close, A.E., Schwarcz, H.P., Miller, G.H., Grün, R., Bluszcz, A., Stokes, S., Morawska, L., Huxtable, J., Lundberg, J., Hill, C.L. & McKinney, C. A chronology for the Middle and Late Pleistocene wet episodes in the Eastern Sahara . Radiocarbon 36 : 147-168.